A typical advance solar powered pumping system consists of a solar panel array that powers an electric motor, which in turn powers a bore or surface pump. The water is often pumped from the ground or stream into a storage tank that provides a gravity feed, so energy storage is not needed for these systems.
Solar pumping systems can be applied to daily water use (ground water), agricultural irrigation, forestry irrigation, desert control, pasture animal husbandry, water supply for islands, wastewater treatment engineering, and so on. This solar pumping system dispensed energy storing devices, and stores water instead of electricity. It improves the reliability of the device. At the same time, it reduces the construction and maintenance costs of the system dramatically.
In recent years, with the promotion of the utilization of new energy resources, solar pumping systems are more and more used in municipal engineering, such as city center squares, parks, tourist spots, resorts and hotels, landscapes and fountain.
Photovoltaic (PV) systems are used to pump water for livestock, plants or humans. Since the need for water is greatest on hot sunny days the technology is an obvious choice for this application. Pumping water using PV technology is simple, reliable, and requires almost no maintenance.
For farmers with a creek running through their properties, using a solar powered water pumping solution means less fouling of waterways and far less erosion of banks. It can also lead to better pasture management as livestock will be able to access water via multiple distribution points.
Solar powered water pumping systems are similar to any other pumping system, only the power source is solar energy. PV pumping systems have, as a minimum, a PV array, a motor, and a bore pump. Solar water pumping arrays are fixed mounted or sometimes placed on passive trackers (that use no motors) to increase pumping time and volume. AC and DC motors with centrifugal or displacement pumps are used.
The most inexpensive solar bore pumps cost less than $1,500, while the large systems can run to over $20,000 . Most PV water pumps rarely exceed 2 horsepower in size. Well installed quality PV water pumping systems can provide over 20 years of reliable and continuous service.